Nastavení filtru pro APRS server

Nastavení filtru pro připojení na javAPRS server (v3.1)

(Od Roger Bille, SM5NRK, tvůrci filter software)

 

Introduction:

The APRS-IS full feed today have a lot of traffic and require a high bandwidth, in particular for the APRS-IS server sites, but also for some of you that connect that are only interested in the particular traffic. To accommodate this a number of servers have special regional feeds which filter the traffic. There are also some weather specific feeds available. But all these are setup according to what the server operator "thinks" will be good for the users. Now we can take this one step further.

Now will each of you be able to select what traffic you are interested in and the server will create a unique feed for you. There is great flexibility to construct your personal feed.

How does it work?

Pete Loveall AE5PL have written the APRS-IS server software javAPRSSrvr in java which is used by a number of servers. Pete has been kind to create some hooks into his server software so I have been able to write a filter add-on, javAPRSFilter (also in java). These 2 applications work together to provide this filtering. Status on the APRS-IS servers can be found here: http://ahubswe.net/aprs_stat.asp
You define the filter by doing the following:
  1. Connect and logon to a filter enabled port on a server
  2. Send an APRS message to the server requesting the filter you want


Filter commands

There are 12 different kinds of filters that can be used in any combination.

Each filter is working independent and is additive to the feed. This mean if the filter finds a match it will be passed to you. The filter commands in the APRS message to the servers call is starting with the word ‘filter’ (without quotes) and each filter command is delimited by a single space. A message with just ‘filter?’ (without quotes) will return the current filter definition.

If you send "filter default" it will revert back to the server default filter definition.

 

#1 Range filter

The range filter will pass all stations and objects within a distance from set location. It will also pass messages to stations within the filter and positions of the message sender even if they are outside the range. Up to 9 range filters can be used at the same time to extend the areas when you have problem to find a good circle match.

 Syntax:        r/lat/lon/dist [r/lat1/lon2/dist2 

Where: r = range command
lat = latitude in degrees. Negative for south
lon = longitude in degrees. Negative for west
dist = distance in kilometers from lat/lon.
I'm sorry we don't use miles here in Sweden ;-)

Samples: r/55/-4/600 This will pass all traffic for UK
r/37/-81/1500 This will pass all east cost US traffic

From V3.0 lat and lon can be in decimals. E.g. 58.5


#2 Prefix filter

Note: This filter is kept for backwords compatibility. The Budlist filter now support this functionality. (from V 1.4)

The prefix filter will pass traffic based on if the sender’s call starts with a specific pattern.

Syntax:          p/p1/p2/p3...

Where: p = prefix command
p# = The prefix (starting) pattern

Samples: p/K This will pass all traffic from stations starting with K
p/SK/F This will pass stations starting with either SK or F
p/SM5NRK This will pass all traffic from SM5NRK and any SSID at the end


#3 Budlist filter

The budlist filter will pass traffic based on exact match of the sender's call or call starts with a specific pattern (from V 1.4). Also the SSID is part of the exact match.
Syntax:        b/call1/p1*/call3/p2*...

Where: b = budlist command
call# = The prefix (starting) pattern
p# = The prefix (starting) pattern

Samples: b/SM5NRK This will pass all traffic from SM5NRK without any SSID
b/SM5NRK-5/SK5UM This will pass all traffic from SM5NRK-5 b/K* This will pass all traffic from stations starting with K
b/SM5NRK/F* This will pass all traffic from SM5NRK and stations starting with F


#4 Type filter

The type filter will pass traffic depending on the packet type. More than one type can be defined in one single command. You can also limit this to a distance around a station or object.

Syntax:        t/type
t/type/call/dist

Where: t = type command
type = is one or more of the following letters
p = Position packets
o = Objects
i = Items
m = Message
n = NWS Weather and NWS Area Objects
w = Weather
t = Telemetry
q = Query
s = Status
u = User-defined
call = call of a station or object
dist = distance in km from call to pass this type

Samples: t/p This will pass all traffic with a position
t/w This will pass all weather traffic. For positionless weather objects the corresponding position packet will also be sent when it is next heard
t/mos This will pass all messages, objects and status traffic
t/p/SM5NRK/500 Pass all position packets within 500 km from last known position of SM5NRK


Remeber that the APRS message must start with the word filter and the the
commands.
The above filters can be combined as explain above. Each filter will however working independent of the others, for example:
filter r/63/16/1000 r/55/-4/600 p/F b/AE5PL t/s

The above filter will pass all traffic within Nordic (range#1) AND UK
(range#2) AND stations starting with F (prefix) AND from AE5PL (budlist) AND all status traffic (type).


#5 Symbol filter

The symbol filter will pass traffic based on the symbol in the packet.

Syntax: s/pri/alt/over

Where: s = symbol command
pri = symbols in primary table
alt = symbols in alternate table
over = overlay character (case sensitive)

Samples: s/-> This will pass all House and Car symbols (primary table)
s//# This will pass all Digi with or without overlay
s//#/T This will pass all Digi with overlay of capital T


#6 Digipeater filter

The digipeater filter will pass all packets that have been digipeated by a particular station(s). Remember that a packet can many time go different routes to get to APRS-IS and might be digipeated by other stations that is shown. These packets are filtered out by various filters/application as duplicates. More that one digipeater can be entered and each are OR together. This filter also support wildcard
Syntax:        d/digi1/digi2...

Where: s = digipeater command
digi# = digipeater call

Samples: d/SM5NRK-2 Pass all packets digipeated by SM5NRK-2
d/SM5NRK-2/SK5UM Pass all packets digipeated by SM5NRK-2 or SK5UM
d/SM*/SK*/SL* Pass all packets that has been digipeated by a digi in Sweden


#7 Area filter

The area filter works the same as range filter but the filter is defined as a box of coordinates. The coordinates can also been seen as upper left coordinate and lower right. South and west are negative. Up to 9 area filters can be defined at the same time.

Syntax:        a/latN/lonW/latS/lonE

Where: a = area command
latN = North latitude border (-90 to 90)
lonW = West longitude border (-180 to 180)
latS = South latitide border (-90 to 90)
lonE = East longitude border (-180 to 180)

Sample: a/50/-130/20/-70 This will pass all traffic in US

From V3.0 lat and lon can be in decimals. E.g. 58.5


#8 q Contruct filter

The q Construct filter will base all filtering on the q Construct used on the APRS-IS. For more information about q Contract look here: http://www.aprs-is.net/q.htm

Syntax:        q/con/ana

Where: q = q Construct command
con = list of q Construct to pass (case sensitive)
ana = analysis based on q Construct.
i = Pass positions from IGATES identified by qAr or qAR.

Sample: q/C Pass all traffic with qAC
q/rR Pass all traffic with qAr ot qAR
q//I Pass all position packets from IGATES indentified in other packets by qAr or qAR ( corrected 26-Feb-2007), i > I )


#9 Object filter (from V1.4)

Same as BudList but acts on the object names instead of sender's call.

Syntax: o/name1/n2*/name3/n3*...

See Budlist for more information


#10 My Range filter

The my range filter will pass all stations and objects within a distance from your own station. It will use the location sent for the same call as you used when you logged onto the server. This is useful if you have an mobile station with internet connection. It will then always pass the local stations no matter of where you are.
Note: This will not work until a valud position has been sent from the same call-ssid you used when you logon to the server.

Syntax: m/dist

Where: m = my range command
dist = distance in kilometers from lat/lon.

Samples: m/500 This will pass all traffic within 500 km from my location


#11 Friend Range filter

The friend filter works the same as My range filter, except you define which call-ssid should be used (see more above). Up to 9 friend filters can be defined. This is a moving filter so it is following the call-ssid last known position.
Note: This will not work until a valud position has been sent from the call-ssid defined.

Syntax: f/call/dist

Where: f = friend range command
call = call to be used as center of the range
dist = distance in kilometers from lat/lon.

Samples: f/SM5NRK/500 This will pass all traffic within 500 km from SM5NRK's last position.


#12 Port of entry filter

This filter will pass packets which match the CallSSID that follow immidiate after the q-construct. This filter support wildcard.
Syntax:        e/call/call/call*...


#13 Unproto filter

This filter will pass packets which match the Unproto (or destination field) in the packet. This filter support wildcard.
Syntax:        u/text/text/te*...


#14 Exclusion filter

All the above filters also support exclusion. Be prefixing the above filters with a dash the result will be the opposite. Any packet that match the exclusion filter will NOT pass. The exclusion filters will be processed first so if there is a match for an exclusion then the packet is not passed no matter any other filter definitions.
Samples:
-a/50/-130/20/-70 -b/CW* The area filter says to pass all traffic in US. The -b filter says to exclude any stations that starts with CW.
-a/50/-130/20/-70 -s/>j The area filter says to pass all traffic in US. The -s filter says to exclude any stations with Car or Jeep symbols.